ift Guideline WA-08engl/3 – Thermally improved spacer Part 1 (Download)

ift Rosenheim

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Publisher: ift Rosenheim

Publication date: 01.02.2015

Author: ift Rosenheim

ISBN: 978-3-86791-374-4

Pages: 14


Table of contents

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Determination of representative Ψ-values for profile sections of windows

As set out by the window product standard EN 14351-1 clause 4.12, one of the methods to determine the thermal transmittance UW of windows is by calculation as per EN ISO 10077-1. The quantities required for this calculation are the thermal transmittances of the frame and the glazing, Uf and Ug, respectively as well as the linear thermal transmittance Ψ. The Ψ-value describes the heat loss caused by fitting the glass in the frame. The amount of this Ψ-value depends largely on the type of spacer inserted in the insulating glass unit. In this context we distinguish between ‘conventional‘ and thermally improved spacers. The definition of a thermally improved spacer is included in EN ISO 10077-1 and has again been summarised in the scope of this guideline.

For calculation of the UW-value of windows, EN ISO 10077-1 states global Ψ-values for both ‘conventional‘ and thermally improved spacers which can be used without further verification. But it is also possible to calculate the Ψ-value for thermally improved spacers as per EN ISO 10077-2. In this conjunction it should be taken into account that the Ψ-value depends on the profile section, the configuration of the glass unit as well as the respective built condition and mounting situation.

As set out by EN 14351-1, evidence of performance of windows is based on representative test specimens. For example, it is sufficient to calculate the thermal transmittance UW of a representative size of 1.23 m x 1.48 m. Likewise, also other characteristics, such as air permeability can be determined using representative test specimens.


This article is also available in German.